Hong Kong: UK set to droop extradition treaty with ex-colony

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Law enforcement officials detain protesters in Hong Kong throughout a rally towards the brand new nationwide safety legislation

International Secretary Dominic Raab is predicted to droop the UK’s extradition treaty with Hong Kong later amid rising tensions between London and Beijing.

It follows the controversial nationwide safety legislation imposed within the Chinese language territory, and the choice to ban Huawei from the UK’s 5G community.

The UK has provided residency rights to a few million Hong Kongers.

China has accused the UK of meddling in its personal inside affairs.

Beijing has insisted it’s dedicated to upholding worldwide legislation and has accused the UK and the US of looking for to de-stabilise Hong Kong.

Mr Raab is because of make a press release to Parliament in a while “our extradition preparations and in addition a spread of different measures that we would want to take” in respect of the previous British colony.

Such preparations have been in place for greater than 30 years.

What’s the extradition treaty?

The present settlement units out the idea on which these suspected of committing crimes in Hong Kong may be apprehended if they’re within the UK and returned to face trial topic to due authorized course of and approval by ministers.

However political and financial relations between the 2 nations have turn out to be strained in latest months, with the UK reversing its choice to provide Chinese language agency Huawei a central position within the UK’s 5G communications infrastructure.

The UK has denounced the brand new safety legislation imposed in Hong Kong as “deeply troubling”, with the overseas secretary calling the transfer “a grave step”.

We have had the strongest indication so removed from the overseas secretary that the UK goes to scrap its extradition treaty with Hong Kong in response to China’s actions there.

That is a political choice designed to ship one other message to Beijing.

Sanctions – which might goal senior Chinese language officers – are an choice too. However they’re extra difficult and more likely to take longer.

On the similar time, tensions with Russia are surfacing once more over hacking and interference within the UK political system.

On Tuesday or Wednesday, we’ll lastly see the Russia report, which is more likely to look at a broad vary of how during which Russia is alleged to have sought to make use of affect, together with the Brexit referendum and the 2014 Scottish independence referendum. Final week, ministers accused Russia of attempting to hack the UK’s vaccine analysis.

All of this factors to tensions escalating with each international locations within the coming months, simply on the time when the UK is attempting to ascertain its place within the worldwide system after Brexit.

The UK, US and EU have accused Beijing of undermining the “One Nation, Two Programs” precept guaranteeing a excessive diploma of autonomy for Hong Kong beneath Chinese language rule because the 1997 handover of sovereignty.

They’ve mentioned new safety legal guidelines which got here into power final month – making acts of subversion punishable by life sentences – breach the phrases of the 1984 Joint Declaration defending political and financial freedoms.

In response, the UK has provided the 350,000 Hong Kong residents who maintain British Abroad Nationwide passports – and an extra 2.6 million who’re eligible for them – enhanced residency rights ought to they want to come to the UK and a path to attainable citizenship.

However China has warned that it’ll retaliate if the UK imposes sanctions on any of its main officers in relation to human rights offences and allegations of police brutality in Hong Kong.

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The brand new safety legislation has led to widespread protests in Hong Kong

Hypothesis that the extradition preparations could possibly be suspended follows issues expressed by senior judges within the UK about threats to the independence of the Hong Kong judicial system.

Lord Reed, president of the UK’s Supreme Court docket, has warned the follow of UK judges sitting on Hong Kong’s Court docket of Remaining Attraction is beneath menace and should “stay suitable with judicial independence and the rule of legislation”.

Proposals for an extradition treaty between Hong Kong and China provoked widespread protests final yr amid issues about political interference within the Chinese language judicial system and the appropriate to a good trial.

‘Gross and egregious’ abuse towards Uighurs

The UK has additionally stepped up its criticism of China’s human rights report, accusing Beijing of “gross and egregious” abuses towards the Uighur inhabitants in Xinjiang province.

Mr Raab informed the BBC that experiences of pressured sterilisation and wider persecution of the Muslim group had been “harking back to one thing not seen for a very long time”.

Labour has additionally referred to as for sanctions on Chinese language officers concerned within the alleged abuse of Uighur Muslims.

Drone footage that has been extensively circulated seems to indicate Uighurs being blindfolded and led to trains, and which has been authenticated by Australian safety companies.

China’s UK ambassador Liu Xiaoming dismissed talks of focus camps as “pretend”.

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